Thursday, December 4, 2014

Human Rights Day #rights365

Logo Human Rights Day 2014: Human rights 365

Human rights 365

On 10 December every year, Human Rights Day commemorates the date on which the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaiming its principles as the “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.”
This year’s slogan, Human Rights 365, encompasses the idea that every day is Human Rights Day. It celebrates the fundamental proposition in the Universal Declaration that each one of us, everywhere, at all times is entitled to the full range of human rights, that human rights belong equally to each of us and bind us together as a global community with the same ideals and values.
In 2014 the message from Human Rights 365 is unequivocal: the UN Human Rights Office stands by its mandate and stands with the millions of men and women globally, who risk their all for human rights.

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Archive of human rights activist to be unveiled at NUI Galway

Professor Kevin Boyle

The National University of Ireland, Galway will house the archives of Kevin Boyle, legal  and human rights academic, barrister and activist in its James Hardiman Library.

James Hardiman Library. Igniting Curiosity, Encouraging Scholarship  

The archive contains a wealth of material and unique insights into the field of human rights, legal research and scholarship.

John Cox, University Librarian, NUI Galway, explains the significance of the Boyle archive: “The sheer breadth of subject matter, as well as the vast amounts of personal correspondence, allow for new insights and understandings of Kevin Boyle’s contributions to the discipline of human rights and the practice of law. It is an honour for the Library to be entrusted with this archive, one which illustrates the far reaching effect Kevin Boyle’s work had on individual people’s lives. Now and into the future, the archive will serve as a valuable resource to researchers in the field.”

Thursday, November 6, 2014

Voting Law Changes in 2012- Brennan Center for Justice

Brennan Center for Justice

Voting Law Changes in 2012

Over the past century, our nation expanded the franchise and knocked down myriad barriers to full
electoral participation. In 2011, however, that momentum abruptly shifted.
State governments across the country enacted an array of new laws making it harder to register or
to vote. Some states require voters to show government-issued photo identification, often of a type
that as many as one in ten voters do not have. Other states have cut back on early voting, a hugely
popular innovation used by millions of Americans. Two states reversed earlier reforms and once again disenfranchised millions who have past criminal convictions but who are now taxpaying members of the community. Still others made it much more difficult for citizens to register to vote, a prerequisite for voting.
These new restrictions fall most heavily on young, minority, and low-income voters, as well as on voters with disabilities. This wave of changes may sharply tilt the political terrain for the 2012 election. Based on the Brennan Center’s analysis of the 19 laws and two executive actions that passed in 14 states, it is clear that:
These new laws could make it significantly harder for more than five million eligible voters to
cast ballots in 2012.1
The states that have already cut back on voting rights will provide 171 electoral votes in 2012–
63 percent of the 270 needed to win the presidency.
Of the 12 likely battleground states, as assessed by an August Los Angeles Times analysis of
Gallup polling, five have already cut back on voting rights (and may pass additional restrictive
legislation), and two more are currently considering new restrictions.2
States have changed their laws so rapidly that no single analysis has assessed the overall impact of such moves. Although it is too early to quantify how the changes will impact voter turnout, they will be a hindrance to many voters at a time when the United States continues to turn out less than two thirds of its eligible citizens in presidential elections and less than half in midterm elections.
This study is the first comprehensive roundup of all state legislative action thus far in 2011 on voting
rights, focusing on new laws as well as state legislation that has not yet passed or that failed. This
snapshot may soon be incomplete: the second halves of some state legislative sessions have begun.

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Freedom's Reading: The Discovery of Two Alabama Freedom Libraries. -M. Selby

Selby, Mike. (2013). Freedom's Reading: The Discovery of Two Alabama Freedom Libraries. Southeastern Librarian, 61(3), 11-18.

Freedom Libraries were originally a product of ‘Freedom Summer’—the voting registration campaign launched by  various civil rights organizations in Mississippi during the  summer of 1964. Information about these libraries has  been extremely limited, so much so that their very
existence remains “virtually unknown even within the  American library community” (Cook 3). This changed in  2008, when Karen Cook’s dissertation provided a comprehensive and exhaustive look at Mississippi Freedom Libraries. She positively identified over 80 different ones.

Selby tells the story of the The Selma Freedom Library and the The Hayneville Freedom Library.

See also:  Frederick W. Heinze-

The Freedom Libraries of Mississippi (originally published in 1965).

Genocide-"Watchers of the Sky” -

Raphael Lemkin, who lost much of his family in the Holocaust, decided to create a name that would match the crime and spent the rest of his life crusading for its acknowledgment.
Watchers of the Sky (2014) Poster
y animating pages of his notebooks. The film’s director, Edet Belzberg, told me that when she found the original notebooks in a collection at the New York Public Library, she knew she wanted to let Lemkin’s own scribbled writing show how the word “genocide” came to be. On one page, he drew a circle around “THE WORD,” connecting it with a line to another circled phrase, “MORAL JUDGMENT.”
“He really believed that this word could unite people to keep it from happening again,” Ms. Belzberg said. A student of linguistics before embarking on his legal career, he recognized the power of words to shape opinions. 

Saturday, October 18, 2014

Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights-New Books

Amnesties, Accountability, and Human Rights

For the last thirty years, documented human rights violations have been met with an unprecedented rise in demands for accountability. This trend challenges the use of amnesties which typically foreclose opportunities for criminal prosecutions that some argue are crucial to transitional justice. Recent developments have seen amnesties circumvented, overturned, and resisted by lawyers, states, and judiciaries committed to ending impunity for human rights violations. Yet, despite this global movement, the use of amnesties since the 1970s has not declined.
Amnesties, Accountability, and Human Rights examines why and how amnesties persist in the face of mounting pressure to prosecute the perpetrators of human rights violations.
Chains of Justice

The most comprehensive account of the National human rights institutions—state agencies charged with protecting and promoting human rights domestically--(NHRI} phenomenon to date, Chains of Justice analyzes many institutions never studied before. With its global scope and fresh insights into the origins and influence of NHRIs, Chains of Justice promises to become a standard reference that will appeal to scholars immersed in the workings of these understudied institutions as well as nonspecialists curious about the role of the state in human rights.

In addition to the new hardcover and ebook releases, the Penn Press fall 2014 list includes many first-time paperbacks, among them: The First PrejudiceCrusade and Christendom;Porta PalazzoDeath by EffigyPublic Education Under SiegeIn the Crossfire; and The American Mortgage System.